“Animal Farm” is a satirical novel by George Orwell that was published in 1945. The book is an allegory for the rise of communism in the Soviet Union and the betrayal of the revolution by Joseph Stalin.
The story is set on a farm in England and is told from the perspective of the animals who live there. The animals are fed up with being mistreated by their human owner, Mr. Jones, and they stage a revolt, chasing him off the farm. They then establish a new government, led by two pigs named Napoleon and Snowball, who promise to create a society in which all animals are equal.
At first, the new animal government is successful, and the animals work together to improve their lives. However, as time goes on, the pigs, who have taken on the roles of leaders, become more and more corrupt. They start to take more and more privileges for themselves, and they begin to manipulate and deceive the other animals in order to maintain their power.
Eventually, the pigs become indistinguishable from their former human oppressors, and the other animals are left to do all the work while the pigs live in luxury. The book ends with the animals looking through the farmhouse window and seeing the pigs walking on their hind legs, wearing clothes and carrying whips, just like the humans they had rebelled against.
“Animal Farm” is a powerful and poignant critique of the dangers of power and the betrayal of revolutionary ideals. It is a cautionary tale that serves as a warning against the dangers of totalitarianism and the need for vigilance in the fight for justice and equality.