Mahatma Gandhi was an Indian independence activist and leader who played a key role in India’s struggle for freedom from British rule. Gandhi was born in 1869 in the western Indian state of Gujarat, and was raised in a traditional Hindu family. He studied law in London and later returned to India to practice.
Gandhi became involved in politics and was deeply troubled by the injustices faced by Indians under British rule. He was particularly moved by the plight of the poor and the untouchables, and he began to speak out against discrimination and oppression.
Gandhi’s philosophy of non-violent resistance, or satyagraha, was inspired by the teachings of Hinduism and the examples of other great leaders such as Jesus Christ and Henry David Thoreau. He believed that people could achieve their goals through peaceful means, such as civil disobedience, protests, and strikes.
Gandhi’s leadership and tactics were instrumental in the Indian independence movement. He led boycotts of British goods, organized protests and strikes, and even went on hunger strikes to demand justice and equality for Indians. Gandhi’s nonviolent resistance inspired people around the world and became a model for other social justice movements.
In 1947, India gained its independence from Britain, and Gandhi’s efforts were recognized with the Nobel Peace Prize. However, he was assassinated in 1948 by a Hindu extremist who disagreed with his philosophy of religious tolerance.
Despite his tragic death, Gandhi’s legacy lives on. He is remembered as a great leader, a champion of human rights, and an advocate for peace and justice. His philosophy of non-violent resistance continues to inspire people around the world to work for social change and equality.
10 Lines on Mahatma Gandhi
- Mahatma Gandhi was an Indian freedom fighter and political leader.
- He was instrumental in leading India to independence from British rule.
- Gandhi was born in Porbandar, India on October 2, 1869.
- He studied law in London and practiced in South Africa before returning to India.
- Gandhi was known for his philosophy of non-violent resistance, which he called satyagraha.
- He was a key figure in the Indian independence movement and led nationwide campaigns for various social causes.
- Gandhi was assassinated on January 30, 1948 by a Hindu nationalist.
- He is widely regarded as one of the most influential leaders of the 20th century.
- Gandhi’s birthday, October 2, is celebrated as Gandhi Jayanti in India and as the International Day of Non-Violence worldwide.
- Gandhi’s philosophy of non-violence and his legacy continue to inspire people around the world.